Mustafa Kemal Ataturk is the founder of the modern Turkish state, the first president of the Turkish Republic, the reformer. He died on 10th of November, 1938 in Istanbul, he was buried in Ankara. The Ataturk’s Mausoleum is the main place for a celebration of public holidays.
Every year on 10th of November in Turkey celebrates the Ataturk’s memory day. This day in 1938, Turkey lost the most important personality. At his residence the first president and founder of the Turkish Republic, Mustafa Kemal went to the eternal dream. Since those time, every year on 10th of November at 9 o’clock in the morning 5 minutes (the exact time of his death)is announced a silence’s minute.
By this time for a minute, cars, buses, trains, boats are stopped, also flights are delayed. However, the mourning ceremonies continue for two days, on 9th and 10th of November. During these days at educational institutes are held festive ceremonies, the preparation begins previously, and next to the monuments of Mustafa Kemal and his tomb in Ankara are laid flowers. Also during this period entertainment centers are closed, and on TV could be watched only programs about the Ataturk’s biography and political activity.
In Anıtkabir (next to Ankara) was held a wreath-laying ceremony, Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan took a part at this ceremony. All the day, more than 1000 people, many of whom came from different Turkish cities, they were walking over an avenue in Anıtkabir to honor the memory of the leader. The complex’s territory and nearby buildings are flooded by red Turkish flags and likeness of Ataturk. People sing patriotic marches and “pupils’s plea” which was founded by Ataturk and was canceled by present government. The slogans: “Turkey will go on as a secular state,” “We are the soldiers of Mustafa Kemal”.