Most of the castle was built in the 13th century under the Seljuq Sultanate of Rûm following the city’s conquest in 1220 by Alaeddin Keykubad I as part of a building campaign that included the Kızıl Kule.
The castle was built on the remnants of earlier Byzantine era and Roman era fortifications. After the area was pacified under the Ottoman Empire, the castle ceased to be purely defensive, and numerous villas were built inside the walls during the 19th century. Today the building is an open-air museum. Access to the seaward castle is ticketed, but much of the area inside the wall, including the landward castle is open to the general public.
The castle is located 250 metres (820 ft) high on a rocky peninsula jutting into the Mediterranean Sea, which protects it from three sides. The wall which surrounds the castle is 6.5 kilometres (4.0 mi) long and includes 140 towers. 400 different cisterns were built to serve the castle. In 2009, city officials filed to include Alanya Castle and Tersane as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, and were named to the 2009 Tentative List.
Have you ever been to Alanya Castle? If not, than an amazing journey awaits you, after which you will look at Alanya in a different way, you will see the city from the bird’s view, unforgettable panorama view will open in front of you and endless Mediterranean sea that merges with the horizon. If yes, we are absolutely sure that after visiting the fortress once, you will always want to go back there again and again.
To reach the very top and the observation deck is very easy by car or by bus number 4, which every half hour (at the beginning and middle of each hour) departs from the LC Waikiki store which is situated in the heart of Alanya. The journey takes about 15 minutes, and as the route of the bus goes up in front of you will have panoramic views of the city and the sea. When the bus reaches the final stop, buy a ticket (15 lira) and get into the fortress, where the Byzantine church (now the Byzantine church is closed for tourists) and an observation deck are situated, the deck offers panoramic views of the Cleopatra beach and the Mediterranean Sea on which numerous boats and private yachts float. It will take your breath away! Endless Mediterranean sea plays all shades , from turquoise to deep blue , Cleopatra beach beckons with its golden sand . Near the entrance to the museum there are many stalls where you can buy not only all kinds of souvenirs , crafts , but more valuable gifts, such as natural pearls.
After seeing the castle, you can start your journey down the mountain, which will take not so much time as it may seem, 30-45 minutes. On the way you will find many small viewing platforms, cafes, restaurants and souvenir shops. Somewhere in the middle of the road down the mountain there is another observation deck, which overlooks the rest of the city – the red tower and the harbor. The whole Alanya is seen from this platform. There are also binoculars in which you can see everything with the minutest details. It offers an unforgettable view, to this place you will want to return again and again, because only here you can experience the beauty and splendor of Alanya . We suggest you to come here not only during the day but at night as well, when all the city lights are on. Alanya in a day time and at night – are two different cities, and the impression of Alanya will be complete , if you will visit this place twice.
This place is popular not only among tourists but also among the local people who come here on the weekends, the couples come here for photo shoots, people watch fireworks from here, or simply enjoy the panorama.
Further down along the way pay attention to the old houses that were restored and turned into hotels or restaurants. Visit one of these houses, drink a cup of Turkish tea and enjoy the atmosphere of antiquity and comfort. In one of the restaurants with panoramic views you can also enjoy Turkish dishes or desserts in the shades of the trees, which keep the history of these places.
After a pleasant stop , you can hit the road again that will take you directly to the city center . Do not be afraid , you will not get lost it is simply impossible , but if it happens suddenly , just check with the passers-by, ask them if you walk in correct direction. Have a nice trip and an unforgettable experience!